Fraud in Nigerian Crude Oil Marketing: Authenticating The Crude Allocation and Paperwork by Oil Consumers


This observation by the research report on the matter, completed by the Africans in The us News Look at, a New York dependent non-revenue firm, in August 2010, sums up the concern:

“There are a lot of authentic crude oil sellers in Nigeria but the issue is getting the genuine and verifiable ones. Crude Oil trade is a booming and flourishing organization and a lot of folks seem to want to go into it. Consumers from other nations around the world make contact with sellers in Nigeria in order to get Nigerian Crude Oil. [But the organization is now complete of]… scammers on the prowl.” It adds that “There are tons of crude oil sellers in Nigeria, but the challenge there is the capacity to locate genuine and verifiable sellers.”

In position of fact, as this creator has amply documented somewhere else in one more review, the assertion that in the arcane world of global crude oil buying and promoting these days the landscape is actually littered and crawling with fraudsters and scammers, is now a nicely-set up, properly-settled truth about which there can barely be any critical argument or disputation in the up to date international oil getting and offering business.

In consequence, provided that stark Reality that “there are numerous authentic crude oil sellers in Nigeria but the problem is acquiring the true and verifiable types,” the large million dollar issue is this: AS A CRUDE Consumer, HOW THEN DO YOU GET People SELLERS FROM Amongst THE Whole Good deal WHO ARE THE “True AND VERIFIABLE” Types?

THE Key? Most authorities, in the scenario of Nigeria, say that fundamentally you (the crude consumer) would have to desire and insist on the purported Vendor displaying you Genuine documentation and other proofs of possessing real BLCO and FLCO allocation from the Nigerian NNPC, as properly as proof that that solution is nevertheless currently availability. (For Nigeria, the NNPC, which stands for the Nigeria National Petroleum Company, is a Federal govt-owned organization that administers the purchasing and promoting of petroleum, including offering allocation to legitimate sellers of the crude oil in Nigeria).

THE Crucial Paperwork IN NIGERIAN CRUDE OIL Buying/Marketing Sector

There are some important paperwork that are critical in the getting of the Nigerian crude oil transactions. They will include the pursuing documents, amongst others:

– Seller’s delivery documents, this kind of as: Clean Ocean Monthly bill of Lading Seller’s Industrial Invoice
– Seller’s Evidence of Solution (will comprise the License to Export & the Approval to Export, issued by the country’s authorities, assertion of Availability of the Merchandise, Port Storage Settlement, and so on)
– SGS/Sayboat Certificate of Amount and High quality issued at the loading port
– Certification of Origin issued by the NNPC
– Certification of Authenticity issued by the NNPC
– Constitution Celebration Agreement on the vessel, issued to the charterer of the vessel and presumably exhibiting that the vessel is really chartered in the selected Seller’s identify
– the Q88 questionnaire, crammed out by the administrators of the vessel providing the relevant information and specs of the vessel
– And so on.

Proof OF Solution

Possibly the most important doc of all that a crude buyer may require to see from the seller, is the appropriate Evidence of Item (POP). This doc, which has to be one issued by the appropriate division of the NNPC in Abuja, Nigeria, serves as a clear indicator to a crude customer that the owner of the oil commodity has accurate possession of the solution, and also serves as an indicator that, at minimum as at the time of the transaction (but only at that time), the vendor has the commodity accessible for sale.

Critical: It need to not just be any sort of POP, even so. It demands to be one particular that is in a structure that will permit satisfactory verification to determine that it is legitimate and reliable. Based on this writer’s analysis, to make certain the ideal likelihood that this goal can be attained, there are essentially two types of POP paperwork that are appropriate, and none other folks, and only sellers whose POP files satisfy those “chosen” POP files expectations, ought to be entertained or attended to.

THE POP Need to Meet THE Adhering to Situations.

A). It have to have the Loaded vessel documents that are Current (that is, have to not be far more than two days old, otherwise the doc will immediately be rejected as it might suggest that the vessel is no lengthier accessible), and must consist of the pursuing documents:

i. A Existing Authority to Board (ATB). Seller need to supply, for the buyer’s inspection, the ATB that was especially issued to the preliminary customer (consignee) of the crude in whose title the vessel was issued. The identify on the ATB must match just with the name on the POP and other paperwork named right here. And, below once again, the ATB Must be Present – that is, it should be no far more than two days previous. (An ATB that is more than 2 days aged, ought to be instantly be viewed as representing a vessel which is no for a longer time offered and consequently not acceptable).

ii. Certificate of top quality.
iii. Certification of origin
iv. Cargo manifest
v. Vessel ullage report
vi. Certification of quantity.
vii. Bill of lading
viii. ATS (Authority to Promote) from the NNPC


Usually, the Buyer may require (and hence the Vendor must be willing and all set to release them), vessel particulars this kind of as the pursuing: the title of the vessel, area of the vessel, the IMO identify, get in touch with signal and other vessel specifics. The reason this is needed is so the purchaser can do the tracking of the explained loaded vessel, and to determine its present availability.

C) Supply THESE Documents, ALSO, FROM THE NNPC

As in the scenario of the POP which reputable buyers’ facilitating outfits like the Trustworthy Dealings International require from any AWR vendor before they can commence to do enterprise with them, the other issues that might typically be required from a seller, would incorporate the subsequent:

= the Lifting Lease/License from the NNPC, and

= the Letter of Authority to Sell (ATS) from the NNPC. The Letter of Authority to Market, also called a Letter of Allocation, which must usually come from the NNPC’s Crude Oil Marketing and advertising Division, is fundamentally the formal document which demonstrates the customer that the vendor really has the authority from the official government company for the crude item that he is promoting. (Have to typically be in a paper format and on NNPC firm letterhead need to have the date of issue and expiration date, and be signed. Scanned copies of doc are alright. All documents should be qualified, valid, reliable and verifiable.)

= If, for illustration, the seller statements that the cargo has been cleared, then he should usually be ready to offer the CPA (Constitution Social gathering Agreement), the ATL (Authority To Load), and Q88 vessel information.


Okay, so let us say you’ve got assembled the correct Evidence of Item and the other crucial documents this sort of as these that are outlined earlier mentioned. There is 1 crucial, in deed critical, query that nonetheless stays for you – how do you guarantee that these documents you’ve got gotten from the seller are even any very good? That they are genuine, valid, Authentic and Genuine to warrant your having the Seller’s offer you seriously?

This question is, perhaps, frequently the most essential for a consumer because, as a rule, most fraudsters and con artists who operate in the Nigerian crude oil market, are basically masterful forgers and copiers of each and every little bit of the reputable market documents that are used in marketing and purchasing functions by refineries and govt organizations, and who are extremely expert at the craft. For that reason, customers are strictly wary never, at any time to accept outright at encounter worth or be ever fooled by, any doc submitted by sellers or claims produced by them, even so seemingly convincing or real-looking!. And what it all implies, is that 1 crucial facility that a crude oil buyer and his aides must speedily produce and have, are some great, idiot-proof, equipment or abilities by which they can INDEPENDENTLY Confirm the authenticity of at minimum the essential, most substantial pieces of paperwork from amongst the tons of documents that sellers and their agents will frequently current them in the system of hawking their products. And, previously mentioned all, that they need to have the abilities and the information and business sophistication to be able to detect which kinds between this kind of paperwork are legitimate and legitimate, and which kinds may possibly be plain bogus.

To be sure, producing this kind of verification and affirmation may often be problematic for a customer. Nevertheless, it is not really that difficult a job, at minimum for the schooled and knowledgeable eyes. You only want to know what and what to search for, the correct questions to request, and how to counter examine and cross check details and info. And, in any scenario, whenever in severe doubt about the authenticity of a doc, you need to often consider the route of caution – inquire for much more evidence, or even reject the provide, based on the distinct facts at situation in an provide.

FOR A Comply with UP

Please see the instructional information in the author’s source box below

Writer Benjamin O. Anosike, Ph.D., is an acclaimed author and a top specialist on global oil investing processes. doterra essential oils a scam ‘s most recent guide, titled “The Only Way the Commodities Intermediary Can Close a Petroleum Offer These days,” is billed as the most in depth, comprehensive, authoritative stage-by-action manual ever prepared and accessible nowadays for making use of the proper and most acceptable buying and selling guidelines and methods suited for the contemporary Web era to find reliable, fraud-free petroleum suppliers and chances. FOR More ON THIS Ebook, Pay a visit to:

Anosike is a Crude Oil Buyers’ Mandate for a number of giant U.S. and European crude oil and petroleum goods acquiring homes and refineries, and a Advisor, as nicely, to private investors, entrepreneurs and companies on how to acquire genuine crude allocation and license with the Nigerian authorities to grow to be an authorized seller of Nigerian crude oil. He has been severally dubbed the “unofficial anti-rip-off czar” and the “conscience of the organization” in the contemporary Web petroleum buying and selling market.


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